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Unforced Errors and Misrecognition: The JCPOA & U.S.-EU-Iran Relations a Year After U.S. Withdrawal

It’s been just over a year since the United States withdrew from the Joint Cooperative Plan of Action (JCPOA or “Iran Deal”) which it originally negotiated with Iran, the E3 (the U.K., France, and Germany), the EU, China, and Russia. Now, President Rouhani has given the remaining signatories to the JCPOA a 60-day period to demonstrate their goodwill and commitment to delivering economic relief and support for Iran’s struggling economy, per the terms of the JCPOA.